Crossroad of Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans, battle field during the Peloponnesian wars, Greek-Punic wars, Roman- Punic wars of the 5th, 4th, and 3rd centuries B.C., Greek Sicily went through those centuries developing its own artistic, political and social models, often very different from the Greek motherland: in the two centuries starting with the victory of Syracuse against the Athenians (415-413 B.C.) until the Roman conquest of Syracuse (212 B.C.), Sicily is a land of political experiments, opulent region where the political model of the tyrants develops, and a catalyst that shapes Greek culture at its peak and transmits Hellenism to Rome.
Sicily: Art and Invention between Greece and Rome, published to accompany an exhibition in 2013 at the J. Paul Getty Museum, is a beautiful English-language book that focuses on the watershed period between the Greek victory over the Carthaginians at the Battle of Himera in 480 B.C. and the Roman conquest of Syracuse in 212 B.C., a time of great social and political ferment. A time when innovation in architecture, engineering, coinage, philosophy, and literature flourished in mixed cultural communities, which offered room for experimentation and gave birth to such influential figures as Empedokles, Theokritos, and Archimedes.
Gianluca D’Alia, Paesaggio Sicilia Tours